Saturday, May 23, 2020

Romes Legacy of Gladiators Essay - 900 Words

Gladiators Rome had many great things, especially within their love of brutality. Many of the Roman people enjoyed to take a break from their hard, ancient, lives and watch some grown men battle people, lions, tigers, and bears to the death (oh my!). Gladiators were a huge part of the Roman society and a large part of Roman culture. The people of Rome loved gladiator battles. The Roman coliseum was built in order to fit the standards of a bloody, brutal battle while also being able to keep thousands of Roman citizens comfortable and entertained. Gladiators were usually prisoners of war brought from conquered regions, as well as Christians and criminals accused for harness crimes including: thievery, rape, and murder. Gladiators were†¦show more content†¦They had many things that we as Americans utilize in our current culture. Many of the main Roman influences include government, art, entertainment, and construction. Roman government is the origin for all of our current gov ernment system. The Romans has three branches of government: the legislative, the executive, and the judicial. The executive had two councils that decided on pretty much every affair within the empire. In the legislative branch was a senate, which advised the executive branch. Lastly in the judicial they had a Supreme Court. Also there was a written law consisting of twelve tablets that gave allowed the citizens to know their rights. As one can tell, the Roman system of government is much like the one currently residing in the United States of America. Americans built many of the buildings in Washington DC like the Romans did. The use of specific types of column and arches with the use of marble and concrete made the buildings look much like the ones used in Rome almost two-thousand and thirteen years ago. Art also made a huge impact on American society. Both Rome and America used realistic people and realistic nature for their pictures. Entertainment wise the people of Rome and the people of American share some what the same interest in the same things. For example gladiators and horse races evolved to boxing and Nascar. Also physically demanding thingsShow MoreRelatedThe Legacy of Rome Essay998 Words   |  4 PagesRoman Gladiators were a highly trained group of people who fought against other gladiators and animals in the Roman coliseums. Most gladiators were slaves captured from other countries that Rome fought. Once Rome conquested their lands, the gladiators were taken prisoner and escorted back to Rome. Once in Rome, they went to the ludus gladiatorius, or Gladiator school, to be trained. Training was supervised by a lanista, or â€Å"butcher† who frequently abused the gladiators both physically and mentallyRead MoreA Brief Note On The Punic Wars And Rome1713 Words   |  7 Pages In the First Punic War, Rome defeated the Carthaginians at sea and Sicily became Rome’s first overseas province (History.com Staff). This First War ended with Rome in control of Sicily and Corsica resulting in the Roman Empire’s rise to a naval power in addition to land power (History.com Staff). While the Carthaginian general Hannibal scored several victories in the Second Punic War, he was defeated by Rome’s Scipio Africanus in 202 B.C. Rome gained control of the western Mediterranean and SpainRead MoreAncient Roman Civilization And Modern Times936 Words   |  4 Pagesthe modern tourist to experience the ancient civilization through much of what Ancient Rome’s engineers enduring achievements, namely, temples, baths, aqueducts and roads (Temin, The economy of the early Roman Empire, 2006). Beyond the physical structures that survived the millennia, there are numerous modern cultural influences that are readily seen in everything from popular culture with extensive gladiator movies to the architecture of the nation’s capital building (James, 2008). However, theRead More The Roman Empire and Its Influence on Western Civilization Essay1489 Words   |  6 PagesThe Roman Empire and Its Influence on Western Civilization   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Romes vast empire lasted for an amazing one thousand-year reign. Half of it referred to as the republic, and the other as the empire. However, after its fall in 5oo-a.d. Rome has still remained in existence through its strong culture, architecture, literature, and even religion (Spielvogel 175). Even after its disappearance as a nation Rome left behind a legacy that will never be forgotten. Its ideals and traditions have been immolatedRead MoreThe Legacy of the Ancient Roman Civilization Essay1665 Words   |  7 PagesThe Legacy of the Ancient Roman Civilization There have been many amazing and influential empires in Western civilization. Of these historical empires, the legacy of the Ancient Roman Civilization seems to be the most prevalent. Rome, by no means, was an empire that grew overnight. #Roman civilization was twelve hundred years of developing, flourishing and ultimately disintegrating. This was a period of time of innovation, creation, and Roman domination. The civilization owes much of itsRead MoreGreek Influence on Rome3191 Words   |  13 Pagesdifferent aspects of Greek influence that ended up shaping Rome. The involvement of the Greeks in everyday life in Rome, famous Greek events and historical figures, and Greek religion are a few broad examples of the lasting impacts the Greeks had on Rome’s society that will be explored. Greece’s many influences on Rome are said to go back as far as the 8th Century BCE. There were a handful of Greek settlements around the southern part of the Italian peninsula, leaving their trace with other culturesRead MoreThe Roman Empires Emulation of the Greeks1597 Words   |  6 Pagesmemorial to the mathematical and logistical feats that were undertaken in its creation. Another interesting example of Roman sculpture that was based of Grecian empire before it is the Dying Gaul. First was believed to be and referred to as the Dying Gladiator, â€Å"The statue likely is a second-century AD Roman copy of a third-century BC Hellenistic bronze commemorating that victory.†(Grossman, para. 1) The Roman’s firstly used the proportions of the statue Doryphorus, which turned out to be the calculatedRead MoreThe Civilization Of Ancient Rome1366 Words   |  6 PagesConsidered to be half gods ii. Rasied by a she wolf b. Father the god of war i. Rapes Rhea Silvia their mother c. Find Rome i. Romulus then kills Remus for leadership II. The Time of The Kings a. Real founders of Rome was a tribe called the Latins i. Rome’s position on the Tiber was very advantageous ii. Only Trading ships could navigate the river no fleets. iii. They could only go as far as Rome but no further iv. Served as a commercial port safe from attacks b. Had a Patriarchal King who exercisedRead More Roman Architecture Essay2647 Words   |  11 Pagesdeveloped into a thriving Republic. As in most cultures, Romes buildings became more elaborate and impressive. They developed fantastic building technologies and ideas. The feats of Roman engineers were groundbreaking, and many structures built by this culture still stand today. With knowledge borrowed from the Greeks, Rome made impressive architectural achievements, these were namely major attributes of buildings, colossal structures, and a legacy that would influence later buildings (Cornell and MatthewsRead More Julius Caesar Essay2437 Words   |  10 Pages Julius Caesar’s legacy and attributes are just as robust today as they were in his time. From the time he took power to the time of his death he accomplished more than many other men would have done in a lifetime. He brought the Roman Empire to its height and from his death on, the Empire did nothing but fall. He was one of the world’s greatest leaders and probably the best. At the age of 15 Caesar became head of his family when his father died in 85bc. His family wanted him to pursue a religious

Tuesday, May 12, 2020

The Effects Of Hiv On A Healthy Lifestyle - 1553 Words

which can cause the virus to spread. However, this issue has recently been solved by producing take-home tests like Oraquick so an individual can take the test in the privacy of their own home and get the results very quickly, rather than waiting for results at a doctor’s office. Although, even if these take-home tests can be effective, they can produce a false negative or a false positive because, for example, Oraquick uses an oral sample from the gums of a person’s mouth than a blood sample, which can cause a false result because there are many confounding variables that can mess with the test (O’Connell, 2003). Thus, it seems better to have a person’s blood drawn to get the most accurate results. Although, for individuals who have contracted HIV, there are certain steps a person can take to live a healthy lifestyle. Most people assume that after a person has contracted HIV, then it is over and there is nothing that person can do. It is true that the HI V virus does not have a cure, but it does not mean that people have to let the virus consume them by thinking there is nothing they can do. If the individual found out early the HIV virus was in their body, they can go to a HIV medical care and receive â€Å"antiretroviral† therapy (HIV/AIDS, 2014). This means the person would receive several antiretroviral medicines that would slow down the rate of the HIV cells(HIV/AIDS, 2014). This means this will slow down how fast the HIV cells take and replace the immune cells inShow MoreRelatedTreating Hiv : A Life Destroying Disease1297 Words   |  6 PagesStevie Riggs Essay 2 Amcult 365 What To Know About Treating HIV HIV has been a life destroying disease since the early 1980s. Originally discovered in gay men, it was once thought to only effect homosexuals. Thankfully to great efforts on research and outbreaks in hemophiliacs, it is now associated with other social groups outside of the gay community. The risks of contracting this disease are still high among gay men, highly sexually active individuals (hetero-, homo-, and bi- sexual), intravenousRead MoreThe Hiv Virus And Then Resources1318 Words   |  6 PagesMeasures which enhance quality of life 4. Effect on beloved ones 5. Two types of support for beloved ones 6. Appendix â€Æ' Introduction This report includes a brief introduction on the HIV virus and then resources that are available to the individuals that have been affected by HIV. It also includes measures that can enhance the quality of life of those affected and the effects this can have on the affected individual’s beloved ones. HIV stands for human immunodeficiency virus whichRead MoreThe Effects Of Alcohol On The Body1440 Words   |  6 Pagesis a good lifestyle choice to make for those suffering from HIV/AIDS, Alcohol can have negative effects on people living with HIV, both on their bodies and how they behave. On the body, alcohol can weaken the immune system and lower CD4 counts. The effects of alcohol on HIV infection depend on how much a person drinks. A number of studies have found that heavy drinkers and those with alcohol problems have lower CD4 counts than moderate drinkers and are likely to have more copies of the HIV in theirRead MoreThe Health Of The Modern Health Care968 Words   |  4 Pagesdisease, illness, and injury because it illustrates health dispositions on why some individual or population are in better health than another counterpart. HIV/AID is the population health issue I selected. About 1.2 million of people in the United States are living with HIV infection, and approximately 1 in 8 (12.8%) are unaware of their infection. HIV/AIDS disproportionately affects racial and ethnic minorities, many of whom are medically underserved. Our health status depends on how we live our dailyRead MoreThe Health Of The Population Health937 Words   |  4 Pagesdisease, illness, and injury because it illustrates health dispositions on why some individual or population are in better health than another counterpart. HIV/AID is the population health issue I selected. About 1.2 million of people in the United States are living with HIV infection, and approximately 1 in 8 (12.8%) are unaware of their infection. HIV/AIDS disproportionately affects racial and ethnic minorities, many of whom are medically underserved. Our health status depends on how we live our dailyRead MoreHealthy People 2020975 Words   |  4 PagesUniversity Trends and Issues in Health Care HLT-418v Georgeana Lass Drew, Instructor July 12, 2014 In 2010, Healthy People 2020 was started by the Department of Human Health Services. Health programs and research topics were instituted to help Americans live healthier and longer lives (CDC, 2014). The 42 topics presented are all very important in maintaining the goals set by Healthy People 2020. If these programs were to be cut or budget restraints imposed on them, the impact would be felt byRead MoreThe Importance Of A Womens Health1233 Words   |  5 Pagesmen. The HIV prevalence is approximately 14 times higher among females (Hinton Earnest, 2010). This is because most women are sex workers and are unable to stand for themselves. They are at a disadvantage in the their country due to gender equality and violence. Women are excluded from making their own decisions at all levels because all the dominance goes to the men. Women in this country are being underrepresented and it is also affecting their maternal health. Those who are pregnant, 42% doRead MoreCorporate Social Responsibilities And Contributions Of Johnson And Johnson1230 Words   |  5 Pagesprogram. Providing health services and educating pregnant mothers in rural areas. The organization provides free flu shot in fall for mother and their families. They are also promoting the healthy work place environment by conducting several health programs. Confidential support and treatment is provided to HIV/AIDS employees. Disaster response is another big challenge they took up. The organization takes serious measures for environment issues such as energy conservation, waste management and eco-friendlyRead MoreThe Change Of Unhealthy Lifestyle979 Words   |  4 PagesThe Change in Unhealthy Lifestyle Many children and adults these days live unhealthy lifestyles. They are eating more processed food and fast food. Lack of sleep and alcohol are also common in unhealthy lifestyles. Some people are even born into families that have unhealthy habits such as smoking. The most common causes of an unhealthy lifestyle are an unhealthy diet, substance abuse and sexual promiscuity. To improve life, those unhealthy ways should change to eat healthy, avoid substance abuseRead MoreCommunicable Disease934 Words   |  4 Pagesestimates that 1.1 million Americans are living with HIV and nearly one in five of those are not aware that they are infected (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention). Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is the virus that causes AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome). Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is an infection that slowly destroys the immune system, which makes it difficult for the body to fight off infections. Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is a communicable disease transmitted through

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Stronger Faster Smarter Free Essays

Stronger, Faster, Smarter By Mary Carmichael A. Account The text â€Å"Stronger, Faster, Smarter† written by Mary Carmichael states that exercise is the key to develop a healthier and smarter brain. According to the text, studies show that exercise such as aerobic doesn’t only increase the size of the muscles via the increased blood flow, the same thing happens to the brain. We will write a custom essay sample on Stronger Faster Smarter or any similar topic only for you Order Now More blood equals more oxygen, which helps maintain the brain cells nourished better. The same kind of exercise has also coaxed the human brain to produce new nerve cells and caused older nerve cells to form interconnected webs that make the brain run faster and more efficiently. All which results in a stronger, faster and smarter brain. These statements are fully held out by research in the field of neuroscience and kinesiology described in the text and also confirmed in the field of biochemistry. With the view of a biochemist the evidence lies on the molecular level. When exercising, our muscles contract and release and within this particular motion a protein called IGF-1 finds it way to the brain through the bloodstream. This protein informs the brain of the increased activity due to the exercise, which makes the brain crank up its production of different chemicals needed to keep the body working in a new and more stressed state. One of these chemicals is called brain derived neurotrophic factor or BDNF and is indispensable when we talk about growing a bigger, stronger, faster and smarter brain. In fact a book on this subject calls it â€Å"Miracle-Gro for the brain. It fuels almost all the activities that lead to higher thought†. With this piece of information we can conclude in a scientific way that an increase of body exercise results in a higher production of chemicals and molecules in the body, where BDNF is one of them. With an increase of BDNF, blood and also oxygen we can conclude that not only does the process of exercise lead to an increased memory and improved function due to an increase of the size of the brain which occurs of the higher amount of bloodstream, it also leads to creation of new nerve cells and their branching out, connection and communication or what we in normal sayings would call an increased ability to learn. B1. Essay Who should be held responsible is the question. And the answer is pretty simple. The educators. And the reason is simple too. As pupils, high school and college students we spend a total of almost 20 years of studying, some even more. At least a quarter of a day is held in these educational institutions that are meant to transform us from an individual to a working but also thinking part of society. Being smarter is the actual goal you set yourself; it is what the society expects when we go to school. We are taught that by being present and participating in the lessons, we learn. But what we forget or don’t know is that a crucial ingredient of learning is being fit to learn. A statement scientifically proven by numerous professors and biologist. An increase of blood flow to the brain due to exercise increases the flow of oxygen, which creates a more healthier, fresh and clean environment where new brain cells can be formed and interconnect with each other to shape what we call learning. Some people will maybe say that keeping yourself fit is a personal responsibility, but what these people forget is that obese people and people who don’t exercise could actually do more good for the society if they were fit. Everyone nowadays know that people who exercise are less likely to get life-treating diseases and studies in physiology also show that an active life equals a longer life. The society benefits from this in many ways. Not only do we live longer, we use less money on medication and treatment. But there is also a missing benefit that we forget. A fitter and healthier society equals a more intelligent society. When you look at societies with a higher level of education and compare them with societies with the exact opposite you will see a dramatic difference in wealth and happiness. I am not stating that you can’t be happy if you are poor or uneducated, but my point is that a clever and educated population tend to form societies where the foundations are based on higher level of theory and education. When taking little Denmark in perspective to the most of the world you will see that we differ by giving every citizen a chance to become an educated individual. Just by having this opportunity you can live a life in wealth and happiness, which you wouldn’t be able to in many other countries. This is also called the â€Å"Jantelov†, which says that you are no better than anybody else. A garbage man has the opportunity to become a lawyer or a doctor but as a garbage man he can live in a middle-class neighborhood and hold is head high without feeling anyone judging his choice of career. He may not have a high level of education, and his work hours may be awkward but he can enjoy the rest of the day with his family and recharge to next day of work. All of this is possible because the country is built by intellectual and educated people who have learned how to build a well working society where everyone have equal rights and have a place in society. To bare out my statement of a more intelligent society equals a happier society, independent studies and surveys in the field of social science all show that Denmark is the happiest place on earth. Little Denmark is ranked above USA, the richest and most powerful country in human history and even way above those paradise-like places like Hawaii. Based on the values of â€Å"Jantelov†, and the way the Danish society system is built by well-educated statesmen you actually have evidence of not only a wealthy, but also the happiest country in the world. It is therefore a united responsibility that should be held out by educators because their role and job is to educate and teach us how to learn. An increased effort done by educators in the field of exercise will contribute as a social benefit because a more fit and healthy society benefits in not only a wealthier and happier but also a more intelligent society. Another good reason why educational institutes should be held responsible of exercise is that they are the places that young people spend most of their time. They are the places we meet with our classmates and going to school or university is a daily routine. When we wake up we know that within few hours we have to head to one of these educational institutes where the educators have the responsibility to teach us. The main purpose is to learn what the educators teach us. Day after day we go to school to learn, but why don’t we exercise every day? This could become a reality if the educators also were coaches or brain trainers, so they didn’t only have the responsibility to teach but also to train our brains to learn with the help of fun games that motivate us to move our bodies. And motivation is the key element to exercise. If we make these games as important as the lessons we would create a social security net which doesn’t let people complete the educational without completing the â€Å"obligatory games†. The ancient Greeks did this as well, and said â€Å"fitness was almost as important as learning itself†. And an old Turkish saying my mom once told me says, â€Å"a healthy mind rests in a healthy body†. But you don’t have to be a scientist, biologist or even a Greek philosopher to see and feel the change in your body and brain when you exercise. Anyone can feel that they have a lot more energy and think clearer when they have exercise on a daily basis. But in our modern culture things such as game consoles and computers have taken over exercise and increased the proportion of overweight people. And after days and months or maybe years with no exercise we lose the motivational compositor that keeps reminding our brain that exercise is a good and satisfying for not only our body but also the brain that rests in it. And this motivation is then replaced by the fun of video games and socializing on the Internet. But a way we can re-experience the lost motivation is by doing something social and fun such as playing a game of soccer, which replaces the fun in video games and living a social life in cyberspace. By doing so, as an everyday routine in the educational institutes it will become as normal as getting up from bed, eating, brushing your teeth and going to school. It will be a regular everyday task almost an instinctual habit. And this is how and why the educators should be held responsible of training us to become better learners so we can develop stronger, faster and smarter brains. How to cite Stronger Faster Smarter, Papers

Stronger Faster Smarter Free Essays

Stronger, Faster, Smarter By Mary Carmichael A. Account The text â€Å"Stronger, Faster, Smarter† written by Mary Carmichael states that exercise is the key to develop a healthier and smarter brain. According to the text, studies show that exercise such as aerobic doesn’t only increase the size of the muscles via the increased blood flow, the same thing happens to the brain. We will write a custom essay sample on Stronger Faster Smarter or any similar topic only for you Order Now More blood equals more oxygen, which helps maintain the brain cells nourished better. The same kind of exercise has also coaxed the human brain to produce new nerve cells and caused older nerve cells to form interconnected webs that make the brain run faster and more efficiently. All which results in a stronger, faster and smarter brain. These statements are fully held out by research in the field of neuroscience and kinesiology described in the text and also confirmed in the field of biochemistry. With the view of a biochemist the evidence lies on the molecular level. When exercising, our muscles contract and release and within this particular motion a protein called IGF-1 finds it way to the brain through the bloodstream. This protein informs the brain of the increased activity due to the exercise, which makes the brain crank up its production of different chemicals needed to keep the body working in a new and more stressed state. One of these chemicals is called brain derived neurotrophic factor or BDNF and is indispensable when we talk about growing a bigger, stronger, faster and smarter brain. In fact a book on this subject calls it â€Å"Miracle-Gro for the brain. It fuels almost all the activities that lead to higher thought†. With this piece of information we can conclude in a scientific way that an increase of body exercise results in a higher production of chemicals and molecules in the body, where BDNF is one of them. With an increase of BDNF, blood and also oxygen we can conclude that not only does the process of exercise lead to an increased memory and improved function due to an increase of the size of the brain which occurs of the higher amount of bloodstream, it also leads to creation of new nerve cells and their branching out, connection and communication or what we in normal sayings would call an increased ability to learn. B1. Essay Who should be held responsible is the question. And the answer is pretty simple. The educators. And the reason is simple too. As pupils, high school and college students we spend a total of almost 20 years of studying, some even more. At least a quarter of a day is held in these educational institutions that are meant to transform us from an individual to a working but also thinking part of society. Being smarter is the actual goal you set yourself; it is what the society expects when we go to school. We are taught that by being present and participating in the lessons, we learn. But what we forget or don’t know is that a crucial ingredient of learning is being fit to learn. A statement scientifically proven by numerous professors and biologist. An increase of blood flow to the brain due to exercise increases the flow of oxygen, which creates a more healthier, fresh and clean environment where new brain cells can be formed and interconnect with each other to shape what we call learning. Some people will maybe say that keeping yourself fit is a personal responsibility, but what these people forget is that obese people and people who don’t exercise could actually do more good for the society if they were fit. Everyone nowadays know that people who exercise are less likely to get life-treating diseases and studies in physiology also show that an active life equals a longer life. The society benefits from this in many ways. Not only do we live longer, we use less money on medication and treatment. But there is also a missing benefit that we forget. A fitter and healthier society equals a more intelligent society. When you look at societies with a higher level of education and compare them with societies with the exact opposite you will see a dramatic difference in wealth and happiness. I am not stating that you can’t be happy if you are poor or uneducated, but my point is that a clever and educated population tend to form societies where the foundations are based on higher level of theory and education. When taking little Denmark in perspective to the most of the world you will see that we differ by giving every citizen a chance to become an educated individual. Just by having this opportunity you can live a life in wealth and happiness, which you wouldn’t be able to in many other countries. This is also called the â€Å"Jantelov†, which says that you are no better than anybody else. A garbage man has the opportunity to become a lawyer or a doctor but as a garbage man he can live in a middle-class neighborhood and hold is head high without feeling anyone judging his choice of career. He may not have a high level of education, and his work hours may be awkward but he can enjoy the rest of the day with his family and recharge to next day of work. All of this is possible because the country is built by intellectual and educated people who have learned how to build a well working society where everyone have equal rights and have a place in society. To bare out my statement of a more intelligent society equals a happier society, independent studies and surveys in the field of social science all show that Denmark is the happiest place on earth. Little Denmark is ranked above USA, the richest and most powerful country in human history and even way above those paradise-like places like Hawaii. Based on the values of â€Å"Jantelov†, and the way the Danish society system is built by well-educated statesmen you actually have evidence of not only a wealthy, but also the happiest country in the world. It is therefore a united responsibility that should be held out by educators because their role and job is to educate and teach us how to learn. An increased effort done by educators in the field of exercise will contribute as a social benefit because a more fit and healthy society benefits in not only a wealthier and happier but also a more intelligent society. Another good reason why educational institutes should be held responsible of exercise is that they are the places that young people spend most of their time. They are the places we meet with our classmates and going to school or university is a daily routine. When we wake up we know that within few hours we have to head to one of these educational institutes where the educators have the responsibility to teach us. The main purpose is to learn what the educators teach us. Day after day we go to school to learn, but why don’t we exercise every day? This could become a reality if the educators also were coaches or brain trainers, so they didn’t only have the responsibility to teach but also to train our brains to learn with the help of fun games that motivate us to move our bodies. And motivation is the key element to exercise. If we make these games as important as the lessons we would create a social security net which doesn’t let people complete the educational without completing the â€Å"obligatory games†. The ancient Greeks did this as well, and said â€Å"fitness was almost as important as learning itself†. And an old Turkish saying my mom once told me says, â€Å"a healthy mind rests in a healthy body†. But you don’t have to be a scientist, biologist or even a Greek philosopher to see and feel the change in your body and brain when you exercise. Anyone can feel that they have a lot more energy and think clearer when they have exercise on a daily basis. But in our modern culture things such as game consoles and computers have taken over exercise and increased the proportion of overweight people. And after days and months or maybe years with no exercise we lose the motivational compositor that keeps reminding our brain that exercise is a good and satisfying for not only our body but also the brain that rests in it. And this motivation is then replaced by the fun of video games and socializing on the Internet. But a way we can re-experience the lost motivation is by doing something social and fun such as playing a game of soccer, which replaces the fun in video games and living a social life in cyberspace. By doing so, as an everyday routine in the educational institutes it will become as normal as getting up from bed, eating, brushing your teeth and going to school. It will be a regular everyday task almost an instinctual habit. And this is how and why the educators should be held responsible of training us to become better learners so we can develop stronger, faster and smarter brains. How to cite Stronger Faster Smarter, Papers

Sunday, May 3, 2020

Key Concepts of Cloud Computing Service †MyAssignmenthelp.com

Question: Discuss about the Key Concepts of Cloud Computing Service. Answer: Introduction This report is about Webbs Stores which is a successful regional retailer in Australia and New Zealand. This company is renowned among people for its food stuffs as well as for some other items. According to given case study, company has data centers at different locations in Australia and New Zealand. Webbs Stores have large staff members to perform different activities in company and the management of those staff members and their jobs is required. To achieve this goal, Webbs Stores has decided to move towards usage of cloud technology and now management of company has asked me to advise them on the use of Cloud Computing for implementing their daily operations in effective ways. Now the purpose of making this report is to discuss key concepts of cloud computing, its benefits, services and usage of AWS in Webbs Stores for collaborating its new regional group of stores into previously established operations. This report will be helpful for Webbs Stores to make decision regarding imp lementation of cloud framework. About Implementation of Cloud Computing in Webbs Stores Key Concepts of Cloud Computing and how it will be beneficial for Webbs Store Following are essential concepts of cloud computing that must be taken into consideration by Webbs Stores (Marcela Cueli, 2017). The sharing of infrastructure can be done easily with the help cloud computing. It means at one time, a common technology can be shared by several clients. On demand access of services can get in units and these units can be user, transaction and can be any other combination. According to users perceptions of cloud computing, it is flexible, reliable and there is no limitation for growth. Moreover, in case of consumption, variable cost is charged to customers on the behalf of their consumption of service rather than imposing fixed cost. Unlimited access of cloud services is available for its all users anywhere in this world and at any time and on time access is the highest priority of every business enterprise. Therefore, above discussed key concepts of cloud computing depicts that as per the requirement of Webbs Stores to integrate all its local retailers for better management of business, cloud platform will be beneficial. AWS stands for Amazon Web Services and it is a significant platform of cloud computing that has provided by Amazon.com. The main purpose of this is to provide online services for websites and as well as for client-side applications. AWS platform offers networking and databases, computing power and storage options to all its users those are connected with it by different web devices. In Webbs stores, Hybrid Cloud on AWS will be helpful to combine its new stores with old stores. Most the business organizations are using this framework to get reliable integration among its existing and new workplaces and their operations. While adoption of cloud platform, usage of hybrid cloud is necessary. It will help you to integrate data that will be available into cloud databases of both premises. Moreover, storage of large data sets, utilization of new cloud-native databases and creation of backup and get solution at reasonable costs can be obtained through AWS by Webbs Stores. This amazing servic e of AWS will allow Webb to enjoy reliable, secure and flexible data centers among all its stores to operate different operations and access, storage and modification of data and other operations will be centralized with the help of AWS (SearchCloudComputing, 2017). As I have already discussed above that Hybrid Cloud Architecture will be suitable for Webbs Stores according to its requirements. This architecture is considered suitable because it uses a mix of on-premises, public and private cloud services with composition between two platforms. Moreover, it provides high level of flexibility and more options for deployment to businesses. Due to this reason, I would suggest to this architecture to collaborate old and new Webbs Stores. About Usage of SaaS Model in Webbs Stores After selecting best cloud architecture for Webbs Stores according to its requirements, now further Webb wants to use SaaS service model for providing office automation and email services. I opine that it will be a good idea to use this cloud model in Webbs stores. Therefore, through this report, I would recommend directors Webbs Stores about prominence of SaaS model. SaaS stands for Software-as-a-Service which is most commonly used cloud model. This service is subscription based. To use it in appropriate way, Webbs Stores has to build the server and install it properly. Furthermore, configuration of SaaS model should be appropriate, otherwise it will become difficult to get required outcomes. Following are some essential benefits of using SaaS model for Webbs Stores: Unlike conventional model, this model reduces the time that is spent in installation and configuration. Besides this, deployment of SaaS can be done easily without any hardware or software related issues (Sylos Sylos, 2017). As compare to traditional models, SaaS license is inexpensive and can be easily bought by business organizations. The maintenance cost is also less of SaaS model. Usability and integration are also the main advantages of SaaS model. The main requirement of Webbs Stores is integration of its new and old retail stores, so SaaS will be helpful for this enterprise. The upgrades are necessary for every software solution. In case of SaaS model, new releases are easily available for its users. The upgrades can enhance performance of software solution. SaaS upgrades are easily available and less cost and efforts are required to get these new releases as compare to conventional solutions. SaaS model is easier to use as compare to other models of Cloud Computing. Disadvantages of using SaaS Mode As I have discussed above advantages of SaaS model in Webbs Stores, now it is also necessary to tell about disadvantages of SaaS model to directors of Webbs stores, so they can get prevention from some critical issues (nibusinessinfo.co.uk, 2017). The first disadvantage of SaaS service is related to its security and data concerns. The access management of information and privacy of confidential data are not so much secured in SaaS model. SaaS model has limited range of applications. Whether it is popular model among people but still there are some applications that do not provide host platform. The requirement of internet connectivity is must. Without this connectivity, no user can access software or data. Services provided by SaaS Model There are various services that are provided by SaaS model such as for handling accounting and invoicing, planning, monitoring of performance and communications. Among all these services, the service of monitoring of performance and communications will be useful for Webbs Stores. As we know that Webbs Stores want to integrate its old and new stores, so monitoring of these stores is required to know about their performances. In this case, service of SaaS model will be helpful for Webbs employees and management. Office software is the best example of SaaS service and this software solution can handle different business related tasks easily and quickly. Moreover, most of the business activities can be performed easily with the help of SaaS model. If I talk about disadvantage of this service then I can say that some problem is found in communication due to lack of usage of advanced technologies in this model unlike other cloud models. Now next important aspect that I will discuss is about issues of copying data from one data center to other in Webbs Stores. This is also a reason that Webb wants to move towards cloud platform. But directors of Webbs Stores are unaware about migration of data on cloud. Therefore, here I would suggest them how migration process can be implemented properly by using cloud models. Besides SaaS, other cloud computing services are also available such as IaaS and PaaS. These both models are appropriate to manage Webbs data centers on the cloud. Here is the comparison of IaaS and PaaS approaches of cloud for migration (Aiasecurity.com, 2017). IaaS Approach for Migrating Database to the Cloud IaaS stands for Infrastructure-as-a-Service and it is considered a prominent model of cloud. It is highly demanding for migrating databases from source to destination. It is highly beneficial for cloud-enabled organizations. So, if Webbs Stores wants to use this cloud model for migration purpose then it must be based on cloud framework. In this transferring process, data centers firstly migrated on IaaS platform by using anyone option among lift and shift, cloud enabled virtual automation and DevOps. The choice of an option can depend upon requirements or goals of a particular company that wants to use it. All these three options are beneficial and anyone can be chosen. Migration is one of the main feature of IaaS (Panetta, 2017). Besides IaaS approach of cloud, PaaS approach can also be used by Webbs Stores for migrating purpose. PaaS stands for Platform-as-a-Service. PaaS is preferred to use by most of cloud users. The reason of this is PaaS have potential to provide great help by facilitating a microservices-based approach and testing and placement of a data service that is centralized. Moreover, the problem of data abstraction can also be resolved with the help of Paas Infrastructure which was not resolved by other cloud models like SaaS. By using PaaS, it will be easier for Webbs stores to build efficient data service that can be helpful for separating variety of data into data stores. Furthermore, PaaS has on-demand deployment capability. All these features of PaaS will be helpful for Webbs Stores to migrate its databases with reliability and security (Bilbija, 2017). Advantages and Disadvantages of IaaS and PaaS approaches of Cloud Computing Advantages of IaaS Disadvantages of IaaS While using IaaS, customers will have full control over VM. It is most expensive. Anything which is required by customer can be run under VM environment. Backups are required to take by customers. The integration process of IaaS is simple. Unlike other models, in IaaS all factors of VM is managed by customers. It is considered as most secure and reliable cloud model as compare to other models. Advantages of PaaS Disadvantages of PaaS It is very cost-effective cloud model as compare to IaaS. The main disadvantage of PaaS is that there is no control over processing of data. Here customers can use their on software to run on the platform. The management tasks that are performed by PaaS become more tedious and cumbersome. Better support for integration process is provided by PaaS. It is not as much as cost effective like SaaS. Minimum requirement for managing VM. On the behalf of above discussion I can would recommend to use IaaS cloud model to Webbs Stores for handling its business operations. The main reason is its suitable management, security and reliability that is not easily available in other cloud platforms like SaaS and PaaS. Conclusion In conclusion, in this report I have discussed each and every important point regarding cloud computing, its platforms, benefits and services. Moreover, I have also discussed that which platform will be better for Webbs Stores with appropriate reason. However, there are some disadvantages of cloud platforms but with proper prevention and with the help of security expert these issues can be resolved. Therefore, on the basis of this report, directors of Webbs Stores can make decision regarding implementation of cloud computing for their business. References Marcela Cueli, s. (2017). The key concepts of cloud computing. Network World. Retrieved 26 August 2017, from https://www.networkworld.com/article/2212919/tech-primers/the-key-concepts-of-cloud-computing.html nibusinessinfo.co.uk. (2017). Advantages and disadvantages of Software as a Service (SaaS). Retrieved 26 August 2017, from https://www.nibusinessinfo.co.uk/content/advantages-and-disadvantages-software-service-saas Sylos, M., Sylos, M. (2017). Top five advantages of software as a service (SaaS) - Cloud computing news. Cloud computing news. Retrieved 26 August 2017, from https://www.ibm.com/blogs/cloud-computing/2013/09/top-five-advantages-of-software-as-a-service-saas/ SearchCloudComputing. (2017). What is hybrid cloud? - Definition from WhatIs.com. Retrieved 26 August 2017, from https://searchcloudcomputing.techtarget.com/definition/hybrid-cloud Aiasecurity.com. (2017). Advantages and Disadvantages of SaaS,PaaS and IaaS | AIA Security. Retrieved 26 August 2017, from https://aiasecurity.com/2015/09/10/advantages-and-disadvantages-of-saaspaas-and-iaas/ Bilbija, D. (2017). How PaaS Facilitates Data Migration: The Path to Implementation Success. Crosslake Technologies. Retrieved 26 August 2017, from https://www.crosslaketech.com/paas-facilitates-data-migration/ Panetta, K. (2017). 3 Journeys for Migrating a Data Center to Cloud IaaS - Smarter With Gartner. Smarter With Gartner. Retrieved 26 August 2017, from https://www.gartner.com/smarterwithgartner/3-journeys-for-migrating-a-data-center-to-cloud-iaas/

Thursday, March 26, 2020

Zoonotic Diseases Essay Example

Zoonotic Diseases Essay Abstract This report presents a combined epidemiological and economic framework for assessing zoonoses using a ‘‘one health’’ concept. The framework allows for an understanding of the cross-sector economic influence of zoonoses using improved risk analysis and listing a range of analytical tools. The goal of  the framework is to link the check outputs of animal and human disease transmission models, economic influence models and assessment of risk management options to gain improved understanding of factors affecting the acceptance of risk management plans so that investment planning includes the most promising interventions (or sets of interventions in an integrated fashion). A more complete understanding of the costs of the disease and the costs and benefits of control measures would promote broader application of the most efficient and effective control measures, contributing to improved animal and human health, better livelihood outcomes for the poor and macroeconomic growth. Keywords: Zoonoses, Tuberculosis, Brucellosis Acknowledgements / Foreword IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, THE BENEFICENT, THE MERCIFUL I would like to express my sincere gratefulness to Relief International for financial support and giving us the chance of working on this project and contribution towards betterment of humans and livestock. We will write a custom essay sample on Zoonotic Diseases specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Zoonotic Diseases specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Zoonotic Diseases specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer I am very grateful to my project supervisor Dr. Dost Muhammad Baloch, co-supervisor Dr. Muhammad Azam Khan Kakar, Dr. Ejaz of RI, Dr Abdul. Rehman, the lab in charge of DI lab Quetta and all my fellows friends for their kind co-operation and encouragement for completing this Project Successfully. I also express my gratitude to Department of Biotechnology and Informatics for providing the necessary requirement for Completion of Work. Table of Contents Abstractii Acknowledgements / Forewordiii Table of Contentsiv List of Figuresv List of Tablesvi  Terminology / Notationvii Acronyms / Abbreviationsvii. 1Introduction1 1. 1Statement of the Problem:2 1. 2Research Hypotheses:4 1. 3Significance of the Study:4 1. 4Purpose of the Research:4 2Literature Review5 3Materials Methods10 4Results / Discussion12 5Conclusions15 References16 List of Figures Figure 1: Cycle of M. Bovis Transmission between cattle and humans. The thickness of the arrows Suggests level of probability1 Figure 2: Spread of Brucellosis between cattle Humans2 List of Tables Table 1: Animal Count Pishin Dist. (2005)10 Terminology / Notation Acronyms / Abbreviations SppSpecies DLSDepartment of Livestock services T. B Tuberculosis L. ULivestock Unit Introduction The usage Zoonoses, or Zoonotic diseases, are caused by infectious agents that are transmissible under natural conditions from animals to humans. Zoonoses may rise from wild or domestic animals or from products of animal source. A number of infectious diseases, including viruses, bacteria, and parasites, can be transmitted from animals to people through a variety of infection routes, including animal bites, vectors (i.e. , insects), and animal-to-human contact (i. e. , inhalation of respiratory droplets or skin-to-skin contact). Some examples of common Zoonotic diseases include lyme disease, rabies, ringworm, and plague. Zoonoses have been known since early historical spells. There are holy references to infection, a bacterial zoonoses mainly transmitted to humans by fleas; and some historians contend that a disease first described by Thucydides during the Plague of Athens (430–425 B. C. E. ) was typhus, a louse-borne zoonoses. ). Certain zoonoses, such as yellow fever, malaria, and rabies, are well known to the general public, but a vast number of lesser-known zoonoses exist in limited cycles in different parts of the world. There are undoubtedly many zoonoses waiting in nature that have the potential to cause serious public health consequences if introduced into humans. Figure 1: Cycle of M. Bovis Transmission between cattle and humans. The thickness of the arrows Suggests level of probability * Figure 2: Spread of Brucellosis between cattle Humans *Statement of the Problem: The Department of Livestock services (DLS) has made several efforts to implement the regulation in Pishin district of Baluchistan. In spite of such efforts are in place, consumers are forced to use unhygienic and inadequate meat and milk; they are bound to live with the risk of meat borne diseases; and various cases of frauds precipitate from time to time The demand of meat and meat products are higher than the existing supply for which meat industry depends on import of live animals from different areas. The demand for meat is greater than the supply from domestic sources. In this vein, fewer literatures maintain that the prevailing supply deficit is not only due to deficit number of food animals in Pishin but also due to non-acceptance of locally produced meat by the residents. There is lack of research activities on meat borne diseases; it is occasional and isolated in nature, and the results of most of them remain as undocumented findings. Some of the Literatures report the prevalence of bacterial, viral and parasitic diseases as meat borne zoonoses in district Pishin. Some of them are brucellosis, tuberculosis many other Zoonotic diseases. Few literatures argue that the effect of zoonoses might be little through meat consumption in Pishin due to superior cooking style – frying the meat and then cooking in the pressure cooker – nevertheless, it does not rule out the absence of the spore forming pathogens and possibly their in-built toxins in the cooked meat. Regarding the presence of pathogenic microorganisms, Gautam 2005 cited in Sankhi (2006:110) has detected Salmonella Spp in buffalo meat, mutton and chicken; and Escherichia coli has been reported as the predominant bacteria followed by Staphylococcus and Salmonella Spp, and other bacteria of Entero-bacteriaceae family in raw meat obtained from buffalo, goat, cow, sheep and poultry in Pishin. Some of these reported bacteria are potent producers of toxins which causes death of humans. Given these situations, it is apparent that the meat and milk products procured, processed and marketed in the area is unsafe for human consumption posing potential public health hazards. A similar major concern of meat sector in Pishin is pollution of environment due to the waste products of meat emitted from slaughtering and dressing operation. The slaughter sites are lacking proper drainage channels as well as waste disposal system; waste materials are disposed into municipality waste tank, streets and open areas. Infectious diseases  * Major cause of deaths in humans * Major economic losses in domestic animals * Major cause of wildlife destruction * Major impact on developing countries and poverty Issues includes * What is the current status of these infectious diseases? (T. B Brucellosis) * Do we know what really cause these diseases? * What would we need to know to predict the emergence and re-emergence of a disease? Research Hypotheses: This Awareness among meat occupational and consumers helps implementation of the Slaughterhouse and Meat Inspection Act in Pishin district. Provision of sufficient regulatory infrastructures supports the implementation of Slaughterhouse and Meat Inspection Act in. Significance of the Study: The present study finds a great opportunity to carry out research in the area of meat and milk business in Pishin with particular emphasis to ascertain the implementation status of Slaughterhouse and Meat Inspection Act in. Various findings of this study are helpful in bridging the knowledge gap existing in the available literatures related to execution of meat legislation in the area. Besides, the study opens up various dimensions for the research activities regarding policy implementation process in meat sector in the country. The government authority can have the opportunity to bring necessary adjustments in its existing policies, strategies, and programmes and activities based on the various findings of the present research study. Purpose of the Research: * To see the animals infected with Zoonotic diseases (Tuberculosis Brucellosis) in Pishin district. * To screen out carrier animals in the area thus to develop strategies to prevent Brucellosis and tuberculosis in the area. Literature Review Zoonotic diseases are caused by many different pathogenic agents. In most cases, humans are accidental or ‘‘spill-over’’ hosts of a disease-ecological cycle maintained by animal hosts, including insects (Kayali et al. 2003; Schelling et al. 2003). Because of the circulation of Zoonotic agents between animals, humans, and the environment, the cost of a disease affects human activity and health in addition to other economic sectors. According to the Institute of Medicine (2009), Zoonotic pathogens caused more than 65% of emerging infectious disease events in the past six decades. The direct cost of Zoonotic diseases over the last decade has been estimated to be more than $20 billion with over $200 billion indirect losses to affected economies as a whole (World Bank 2010). In the last 60 years, many industrialized countries have successfully controlled or eliminated Zoonotic diseases through costly public investment facilitating coordinated  interventions, including ‘‘test and slaughter,’’ feed bans, mass vaccination of domestic animals and wildlife, health education and milk pasteurization. These are highly effective methods of eliminating Zoonotic diseases which require important operational, legal, and financial collaterals (Keusch et al. 2009). In most developing countries, surveillance of Zoonotic diseases is not recognized as ‘‘one-health’’ collaboration between veterinary medicine and human medicine. In addition, many countries lack diagnostic capacity and health infrastructure. In livestock populations efforts have primarily focused on implementing prevention and eradication measures with much less emphasis on the effect of mitigation (transmission control) strategies, taking into consideration economic and development impacts at the macro (national economy, environment) or micro (health, livelihoods, food security of smallholder farmers) levels. Many industrialized countries are able to control or reduce the risk of Zoonotic diseases through public investment in preventative measures such as surveillance and compensation of farmers for culled stock in the event of an outbreak. In April 2001, the British government slaughtered and destroyed more than 2 million animals in England to stop the spread of foot-and-mouth disease (Sobrino and Domingo 2001). Such interventions are not feasible in many developing countries because of poor surveillance programs, limited institutional capacity, and, without donor assistance, lack of funds for livestock holder and compensation (Zinsstag et al. 2007). This issue is illustrated by the limited effectiveness of the response following the HPAI outbreak in 2006–2008. Education programs to increase producer level bio-security measures were implemented in developing countries without careful consideration of how to alter behaviour of small scale producers sustainably, despite high level ministerial support (Narrod et al. 2011). Successful investment in zoonoses control requires assessment of the cost of disease and the cost-effectiveness of proposed interventions, in addition to adaptation of the interventions to the local context. Given that 70% of the world’s rural poor depend on livestock and working animals for their livelihoods, animals cannot be left out of the solutions (LID1999; FAO 2002). Economic impacts exist beyond the cost of control, including direct decreases in household income due to reduction in livestock/product sales, consumption impacts due to reduced food security, increased household vulnerability where livestock is used as a risk-coping mechanism and effects on household wealth which influence savings and gender equality (Birol et al. 2010). In addition there are impacts at the sector level, such as the feed and input sector or the broader economy which includes other analyzable input and output sectors (see You and Diao 2007; Diao et al. 2009). These associated costs may influence behavioural change at different levels (household, practitioners, policy) which is important to the decision-making process. A ‘‘one health’’ approach demonstrates closer cooperation between human and animal health resulting in benefits that are not achieved through the two medicines working independently. ‘‘One health’’ evolved from ‘‘one medicine,’’ a term coined by veterinary epidemiologist Calvin Schwabe in the 1960s to demonstrate that there is no paradigm difference between human and veterinary medicine thus allowing for integrated work (Schwabe 1984). To date, there have been limited efforts to conduct integrated analyses considering both the social and ecological systems, although this approach is not conceptually new having been successfully applied in an ‘‘ecosystem approach to health’’ or ‘‘Eco health’’ (Forget and Label 2001). We suggest that such an approach has enormous potential to improve public and animal health and provide cost savings in the public and private sectors. Sampling humans and animals simultaneously in an integrated study design decreases detection time for zoonotic disease (Schelling et al. 2003; Zinsstag et al. 2009a). Through integrated analysis, the full societal cost of disease can be estimated linking an animal– human transmission model to cross-sector economic analysis to show the full societal cost (Roth et al. 2003, Zinsstag et al. 2005a). The cost of livestock mass vaccination is often much higher than the public health benefit savings. Singularly from a public health perspective, such interventions are not cost-effective. An example is brucellosis control in Mongolia, where the intervention costs are less than a third of the overall cost of disease, when the private and agricultural sectors are included, with a societal benefit-cost ratio of 3.  2 (Roth et al. 2003). Assessing the cost of zoonoses in multiple sectors facilitates identification of cost-sharing options such as a separable cost method. Although brucellosis control by livestock mass vaccination is not cost-effective from a public health sector perspective, it becomes highly cost-effective when costs are shared between the public health and agricultural sectors in proportion to their benefits (Roth et al. 2003). Integrated assessments are hence crucial for Zoonotic disease control in resource poor countries (Zinsstag et al. 2007). The goal of the framework is to link the analysis outputs of animal safety at a given cost. At best, mitigation is negotiated with all stakeholders, communities, authorities, and scientists in participatory trans disciplinary processes (Schelling 2008; Zinsstag 2007). Risk managers can choose strategies depending on the risk preferences for affected stakeholders and comparative advantages in implementing risk-reduction options. It is difficult to compare strategies which consider risk reductions and others evaluating costs and benefits. Despite good intentions, decisions can lead to losses in social welfare through unexpected outcomes and consequences. Decision makers would be aided by a framework which structures complex information and accounts for implications of the intricacy. Materials Methods | Number| Cattle| 202611| Sheep/Goats| 4,40,637| Draught Animals| 5232| Camels| 305| Livestock Unit (LU)| 2,45,016| Table 1: Animal Count Pishin Dist. (2005) Draught animals are horses, mules, donkeys A livestock unit (LU) is a comparative unit, based on its fodder requirements, through which all livestock can be summarised; e. g. a cow, bull, camel and horse are defined as 1 LU, while a sheep; goat and donkey are defined as 0. 5 LU. The grazing capacity of an area is defined in the same way as the carrying capacity: For our purpose it is defined that one livestock unit can optimally survive on one hectare of are under fodder and range land (range land being forest area and area under pastures). The grazing capacity = Rangeland + area under fodder / livestock units Pishin district lies between 30 ° 04’ to 31 ° 17’ north latitudes and 66 ° 13’ to 67 ° 50’ east longitudes.. The district Pishin was a part of Quetta. In 1975 it was separated from Quetta for administrative reasons. It derives its name from the locality Pishin. Pishin is a modernised form of ‘Pushang’, which is Old Persian for the Arabic Fushang. The population of Pishin District was estimated to be over 500,000 in (2005), with 99. 9% of the population being Pashtun. We use the following methods for the sample collection of Tuberculosis and Brucellosis in district Pishin. The methods are 1. Tuberculosis * Tuberculin Test * Nasal secretion samples were taken 2. Brucellosis * For brucellosis blood samples and aborted foetus were taken Results / Discussion A randomized research was conducted of five hundred (n=500) samples of domesticated animals in Pishin district for Tuberculosis   Brucellosis. Animals include a random ratio of sheep, goat, cow and buffaloes. I had found 3 positive samples out of 500. The name of the villages where I found positive samples is 1. Ajram 2. Daman During survey of the meat and milk occupational, observations of their meat and milk establishments were also carried out. The unmanaged disposal of wastes has several implications i. e. the environment of the city contains high level of microbes in the form of dusts and droplets leading to aerosol mode of transmission of meat and milk borne Zoonotic diseases. The overall effect of the study can reduce the control of disease outbreak very difficult. In Pishin district, the proportion of people relying on live- stock for some or all of their livelihoods is high, ranging from 20% to over 60%, depending on the livestock production system and region. In both pastoral and mixed agricultural/rural systems, people live closely with livestock populations that have a high prevalence of brucellosis, Tuberculosis making these individuals at higher risk of infection. Brucellosis is known to have a great impact on economic development, both in terms of direct losses (morbidity, mortality) and indirect losses, including costs associated with ineffective control measures. However, this is the first study to evaluate quality of life of patients with brucellosis compared to a control population. In the current study, the General Health domain had the lowest mean value in the group of patients with brucellosis and Tuberculosis. The General Health domain reflects an individual’s perceptions of his or her general health status. Disease, such as brucellosis, can result in poor physical activity, an increasingly sedentary lifestyle, depression, and dependency on others. When these factors are combined with poor socioeconomic status and lack of insurance, this can result in an even more negative perception of current and future health. In Pishin, brucellosis continues to be a problem due to certain traditions and customs associated with food preparation and a lack of health programs designed to teach people about the safety concerns associated with living and working closely with livestock. Much of the rural population of Pishin has a low economic status, with many families now relying on funds sent from family members who have immigrated to other areas, Differences in quality of life between rural and urban area patients are most likely due to the additional socio-economic hardships that the rural population must endure. The results of this study indicate that brucellosis does appear to negatively impact the welfare and quality of life of patients and that this disease has the largest impact on those least equipped to handle additional stress and poor health. The data presented here reinforce the hypothesis that socioeconomics can impact quality of life associated with a certain disease or condition and that those most affected are often times individuals living in territories that are behind in their development of health and disease prevention strategies. This necessitates the need for better education and public health programs aimed at these high risk populations. Conclusions Animal and human health is inseparably linked and food animals, especially cattle serve as a reservoir of diseases of public health importance. The safety of food of animal origin with regard to infection by M. Bovis Brucella spp is worth giving consideration, taking into knowledge the current tuberculosis Brucellosis wrecking the world. Though animals with these diseases pose risk to humans, this risk is extremely remote in developed countries due to introduction of milk pasteurisation and effective bovine tuberculosis control programmes (Shitaye et al. , 2006). In contrast, spread from animals to humans in developing countries remains a very real danger, mostly from infected milk. This seems to be a danger, which is being entirely ignored (Davies, 2006). The animal and public health consequences of M. Bovis Brucella are grave. Disease surveillance programmes in animals and humans should be considered a priority, especially in areas where risk factors are present. Other recommendations made by the WHO (1994) in its message on Zoonotic diseases include: Training of personnel at all levels of control programmes and the urgent need for further research on the diagnosis and control, immunological, epidemiological and socioeconomic aspects of these diseases. * References * Godfroid, J. , Scholz, H. C. , Barbier, T. , Nicolas, C. , Wat-tiau, P. , Fretin, D. , Whatmore, A. M. , Cloeckaert, A. , Blasco, J. M. , Moriyon, I. , Saegerman, C. , Muma, J. B. , Dahouk, S. , Neubauer, H. and Letesson, J. J. (2011) Brucellosis at the animal/ecosystem/human interface at the beginning of the 21st century. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 102, 118-131. Seleem, M. N. , Boyle, S. M. and Sriranganathan, N. (2010) Brucellosis: A re-emerging zoonosis. Review. Vet-erinary Microbiology, 140, 392-398. Schussler, J. M. , Fenves, A. Z. and Sutker, W. L. (1997) intermittent fever and pancytopenia in young Mexican man. Southern Medical Journal, 90, 1035-1037. Kauffer, M. (2008) Public policies and commitments of the researcher. Public policy, some general notes. Myrdal, G. (1968) Economic theory and underdeveloped regions (In Spanish). Ed. Fondo de CulturaEconomica, Mexico City, 22-32. Ware, J. E. and Gandek, B. (1998) Overview of the SF-36 health survey and the international quality of life assess-ment (IQOLA) project. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, 51, 903-912. CONAPO and National Population Council (2005) Human development indices in Tlaxcala.. * *

Friday, March 6, 2020

What Is Content Marketing

What Is Content Marketing No one cares about advertising anymore. Content marketing is king. We skip ads using our DVR. We buy Netflix on demand. We scroll past the ever-increasing number of ads in our Facebook feed.  We dont like ads, and thats discouraging for those who are trying to market their product. But, there is hope. We share blog posts and recommend them to our friends. We comment and discuss the killer content that we love. Getting the word out about our brand, business, product, or organization isnt impossible, but the methods have surely changed.  Content marketing is taking over the world. What is content marketing? What is Content Marketing? Advertising is built on   interruptions–taking up 30 seconds of your time during the Super Bowl, or sneaking its way into your social media feeds. No matter when it happens, you probably didnt ask for it. This is what makes it annoying. Content marketing is different. Content marketing is permission-based.   Its marketing that we freely invite into our lives, and sometimes even share with our friends. Content marketing is any marketing format that involves the creation and sharing of media and publishing content in order to acquire customers. -Wikipedia Content marketing is built on the idea that the best way to build trust with our potential customers is to give them something they want. Online, this often translates to  helpful content that doesnt interrupt whatever the visitor is doing, but rather invites them to learn, enjoy, and connect. Good content marketing  brings the user to us, rather than forcing ourself in front of the user.  This builds trust and loyalty with potential customers.   The Content Marketing Institute says it more formally: Content marketing is a marketing technique of creating and distributing relevant and valuable content to attract, acquire, and engage a clearly defined and understood target audience–with the objective of driving profitable customer action. While it employs a less in your face approach, content marketing is still about results. In fact, it is often more result-driven than its traditional counterpart. Inbound Marketing More recently, the term inbound marketing (also Seth Godins term, permission marketing) has taken hold as a way to describe the type of marketing that allows customers to come to the brand on their own rather than the brand reaching out to the customer via advertising. This idea is built upon the assumption that if you publish helpful content, the customer will look for the business that is offering the best advice. The best way to understand this is to think about a Google search. If a customer does a search online for advice on how to grow their garden, what will they find? Chances are, they will receive a list of blog posts and articles offering tips and tricks for gardeners. Because Google prioritizes local results, a local nursery that is offering this type of advice on their blog will rank highly in the search results. For the local nursery, this is an inbound marketing technique–getting the customer to reach out to you first. It is pretty easy to see that this entire transaction was only made possible because of helpful content that exists because of content marketing. What Is Content Marketing (Not)? Sometimes it is easier to think in terms of what something is not rather than what is it. Content marketing is many things, but there are definitely a few things that it is not. It Is Not About You  Ã¢â‚¬â€œ This one flies directly in the face of most advertising theories. Ads are always about the company paying for them. With content marketing, we need to take the opposite approach. The content needs to be about our audience. It Is Not About Your Product  Ã¢â‚¬â€œ Its not about our company, but surely its about the our product? Nope, its not about that either. Content marketing is 100% about helping your customer succeed (using your content). Again, not your product. It Is Not About Instant Sales – Content marketing is a long-term strategy for building customer trust and loyalty to a brand or an idea. It isnt as concerned with an immediate sale. It knows that sales are earned by building customer trust. After all, you cant trick anyone into buying anything. It Is Not About Creativity – Creativity is king for the advertising world, but not content marketing. Content has a bigger mission.